- Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Public Assistance (PA)
- Mitigation Funding Provided through Section 406 of the Stafford Act
- Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Individual Assistance
- Wisconsin Disaster Fund (WDF)
While local efforts began to respond immediately to the damages from the storm system, some areas were able to notify the state immediately, but others were so overwhelmed with damages and had limited communication capabilities after the storm that notifying the State was delayed. A Federal Disaster Declaration (DR-4459) was received for the impacted areas on August 27, 2019.
- Gov. Evers Announcement for Federal Disaster Declaration for July Storms
- FEMA DR-4459 Information
- DR-4459 Public Assistance Applicant Briefing Presentation
- DNR EHP guidance for rural electric cooperatives
- FEMA Green Sheet
- FEMA Emergency Debris Management Certification Checklist
FEMA's Public Assistance Program is guided by the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended.
Public Assistance Contact Information:
WEM PA Recovery Specialists:
- Grants Management Guidance for the PA Program (PDF)
- Public Assistance Procurement Cheat Sheet (PDF)
- WEM PA Quarterly Progress Report Form (PDF)
- WEM PA Time Extension Request Form (PDF)
- WEM PA SOW Change Request Form (PDF)
- FY2019 Wisconsin PA Administrative Plan (PDF)
- Countywide Per Capita Minimum FY2020 Memo (PDF)
- Damage Thresholds by County (PDF)
- DNR Fact Sheet (PDF)
- Data Visualization: Disaster Declarations for States and Counties
- DUNS Number Instructions (PDF)
- FEMA PA Grants Portal
- FEMA PA Grants Portal User Manual (PDF)
- FEMA PA Program
- Procurement Disaster Assistance Team (PDAT) Resources when Procuring with Federal Grant Funds
- SAM.gov Portal
- SAM.gov Registration Guidance (PDF)
- Small Business Administration (SBA) Dynamic Small Business Search (DSBS) Tool (PDF)
The FEMA PA program provides funding to restore a damaged facility to its pre-disaster design, function, and capacity; however, during the repair work, opportunities to mitigate future damages in cost-effective ways often present themselves. The Section 406 Mitigation Program provides funding to an applicant to reduce potential of future, similar disaster damages. Some examples of this would include:
- Upsizing a repetitively washed out culvert
- Replacing a metal culvert with a cement culvert
- Elevating a road surface
- Elevation of equipment and control in a wastewater treatment plant
- Burying of overhead power lines
- Installing gabion baskets, riprap, or geotextile fabric to reduce or control erosion on a steep slope
Section 406 hazard mitigation funding and Section 404 Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) funding are two distinct programs that can sometimes be used together to more completely fund a hazard mitigation project and promote resilience. Section 406 mitigation funding can be used to restore parts of the facility that were actually damaged by the disaster to provide protection from subsequent events. Section 404 funding can then be used to provide future protection to the undamaged parts of the facility. Leveraging 404 and 406 funds in a concerted effort facilitates project scoping and development while extending the use of limited 404 funds.
Additional information can be found on FEMA’s Section 406 Hazard Mitigation Funding website.
For the State of Wisconsin to qualify an Individual Assistance Declaration, FEMA inspectors would look to confirm 582 (according to CFR 44) homes major damaged or destroyed. In a wind event, major damage to manufactured homes is described as the residence has been displaced from the foundation, block or piers and other structural components have been damaged. Destroyed is the structure is a total loss; frame is bent, twisted or otherwise compromised; missing the roof covering or the structural ribbing has collapsed for the majority of the roof system. For conventionally built homes, major damage is considered partial failure to structural elements of the roof, walls, or foundation. Destroyed is complete failure of two or more major structural components (walls, foundation, or roof) or only foundation remains. To request a federal disaster declaration, the Governor must request FEMA to come to the impacted county or counties and conduct a damage assessment of damaged homes and businesses. A FEMA inspector will determine if the damage is eligible under the federal program. The information gathered from a damage assessment will be provided to the Governor who will then request the President to approve a federal disaster declaration. In an Individual Assistance Declaration the Individual Assistance program provides assistance to individuals and households, which may include:
- Individual and Household Program - FEMA’s Individuals and Households Program (IHP) provides financial and/or direct assistance to eligible applicants. Parts of the program include:
- Housing Assistance includes Temporary Housing such as rental assistance.
- Repair provides financial assistance to help homeowners repair or replace disaster damage to their primary residence not covered by insurance. The assistance is intended to repair the home to a safe and sanitary condition.
- Other Needs Assistance (ONA) provides assistance for medical/dental; assistance with funeral expenses for disaster related death; Child Care for disaster related increase in financial burden for child care; and other miscellaneous items.
- Crisis Counseling – Assists individuals and communities in recovering from the effects of natural and human-caused disaster through the provision of community-based outreach and psycho-educational services.
- Disaster Case Management - A time-limited process that involves a partnership between a case manager and a disaster survivor to develop and carry out a Disaster Recovery Plan.
- Disaster Unemployment Assistance –Purpose is to provide unemployment benefits and reemployment services to individuals who have become unemployed as a result of a Presidential disaster declaration and who are not eligible for regular State Unemployment Insurance.
- Disaster Legal Services – This service is provided for survivors of presidentially declared major disasters only. Disaster legal advice is limited to cases that will not produce a fee.
- Disaster Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (D-SNAP) – Through D-SNAP, USDA Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) is able to quickly offer short-term food assistance benefits to families suffering in the wake of a disaster.
How to ApplyCounty Emergency Management Directors submit the following documents:
- Within 72 hours of an event: Affected counties submit a UDSR (“Uniform Disaster Situation Report”) through WebEOC to WEM, which provides basic information regarding the event. This should be updated when better damage estimates are available.
- Within 30 days from the end of the event: A County Notification Form is submitted to WEM, which lists local jurisdictions seeking WDF reimbursement and their estimated recovery costs.
Local Applicant submits the following documents:
By 60 days from the end of the event, local governmental units – known as “Applicants” – the Local Applicant Request for State Public Assistance form.
By 90 days from the end of the event, applicants should submit the following documents. All recovery work should be completed by 90 days from the end of the event. If this cannot be accomplished, an extension request would need to be submitted by the same time frame.
- Disaster Declaration, which can be a state, county or local declaration as long as it covers the Applicant’s jurisdiction.
- The Applicant Documentation Toolkit which allows the WDF office to interpret what the Applicant is claiming on a cost-by-cost basis. This is only submitted when ALL work is complete and documented.
- All supporting documentation which includes timesheets for jurisdiction employee labor costs, invoices and proof of payment for materials and contract work, and other supporting documents as needed.
- Proof of payment for all claimed labor, materials and contract work, i.e. copy of cancelled check, electronic check stub, paper check stub, etc.
WDF Contact Information
WDF Resources for County Emergency Managers
WDF Resources for Local Applicants
- Applicant Request for State Public Assistance (PDF)
- Applicant Documentation Toolkit (Excel download file)
- Wisconsin Disaster Fund Administrative Plan
- Wisconsin Disaster Fund Guidance Video
- WDF Time Extension Request Form