The Department of Military Affairs (DMA) provides essential, effective, and responsive military and emergency management capability for the citizens of our state and nation. DMA includes Joint Force Headquarters-Wisconsin, the Wisconsin Army and Air National Guard, and the Wisconsin Division of Emergency Management.
The Wisconsin Constitution designates the governor as the commander-in-chief of the Wisconsin National Guard. The department is directed by the adjutant general, who is appointed by the governor for a 5-year term and may serve successive terms. The adjutant general must be an officer actively serving in the Army or Air National Guard of Wisconsin who has attained at least the rank of colonel and is fully qualified to hold the rank of major general in either the Army or Air National Guard. The governor also appoints the administrator of Wisconsin Emergency Management.
Division of Emergency Management
Wisconsin Emergency Management (WEM) coordinates with local, tribal, state and federal agencies, as well as the volunteer and private sectors, to plan for, prepare for, and respond to natural disasters or man-made emergencies. Some of WEM's programs are disaster planning and response, training and exercising, radiological emergency preparedness, hazard mitigation, emergency fire and police services, the State Disaster Fund, and the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act. WEM's central office and the state Emergency Operations Center are located in Madison. WEM also has six regional offices to provide local support.
Office of Emergency Communications
Wisconsin Office of Emergency Communications (OEC) supports and promotes the ability of emergency responders and government officials to continuously communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism or other man-made disasters. The OEC also works to ensure, accelerate and attain interoperable and operable emergency communications by working closely with public safety practitioners throughout Wisconsin and the nation to implement the strategies of the Statewide Communications Interoperability Plan.
The Wisconsin Army and Air National Guard
The Wisconsin National Guard has two core missions -- we are the primary combat reserve of the United States Army and Air Force, and we are the first military responders at home in times of emergency.
The Wisconsin National Guard provides fully capable Citizen-Soldiers and Citizen-Airmen prepared to deploy anywhere, at any time, to support community, state and federal missions. Our federal mission is to provide trained units, Soldiers and Airmen to support our nation's defense priorities both in the United States and around the world as directed by the President of the United States of America. Our community and state mission is to assist civil authorities protect life and property, as well as preserve peace, order and public safety during emergencies, as directed by the Governor of the State of Wisconsin.
The composition of the Wisconsin Army and Air National Guard units is authorized by the U.S. Secretary of Defense, through the National Guard Bureau. The federal government provides arms and ammunition, equipment and uniforms, major training facilities, pay for military and support personnel, as well as training and supervision. The state provides support personnel, conducts training and shares the cost of constructing, maintaining and operating armories and other state military facilities located throughout Wisconsin.
The Wisconsin National Guard operates on an annual budget of about $82 million -- with $22 million coming from the State of Wisconsin and $60 million from federal and other sources -- plus nearly $260 million in federal funding primarily used for pay, training and benefits for our Citizen-Soldiers and Citizen-Airmen.
Joint Force Headquarters-Wisconsin
Joint Force Headquarters-Wisconsin, located in Madison, consists of a staff of both Army and Air Guard members who provide leadership and comprehensive command-and-control of the Wisconsin National Guard for its activities within the state. JFHQ-WI provides guidance, direction and resources that enable the state's Army and Air units to train, prepare and conduct their federal mission of supporting our nation's defense priorities both in the United States and around the world. For our state mission, JFHQ-WI provides comprehensive command-and-control, as well as logistical, administrative and operational support to Wisconsin National Guard personnel and units who assist local authorities during domestic emergencies. JFHQ-WI staffs a 24-hour Joint Operations Center that manages military resources for immediate initial response, as well as long-term recovery in partnership with local civilian authorities.